NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ788227
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Pages: 20
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 74
ISSN: ISSN-0279-6015
Academic and Cognitive Functioning in First Grade: Associations with Earlier Home and Child Care Predictors and with Concurrent Home and Classroom Experiences
Downer, Jason T.; Pianta, Robert C.
School Psychology Review, v35 n1 p11-30 2006
Family and child care experiences from birth to 54 months, achievement and social competence at entry to school, maternal sensitivity at first grade, and qualities of first-grade classrooms were used to predict academic and cognitive functioning at first grade for 832 children enrolled in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care. Repeated assessments of functioning from preschool to first grade indicated that individual differences in academic and cognitive functioning over the course of two years were relatively stable. In regression models that predicted relative change in cognitive ability from 54 months to first grade, child gender and race, family income-to-needs ratio, maternal education and sensitivity, and home learning environment were significant predictors. Preschool academic cognitive functioning served as a significant mediator between child characteristics, early family factors, child care quality, and first-grade child outcomes. Children's social competence prior to school entry served a secondary yet significant mediating role between early experience and elementary school academic functioning. Upon controlling for early home and child care factors, classrooms that spent more time on literacy, language, and math instruction were associated with higher scores on tests of reading achievement, phoneme knowledge, and long-term retrieval. (Contains 5 tables.)
National Association of School Psychologists. 4340 East West Highway Suite 402, Bethesda, MD 20814. Tel: 301-657-0270; Fax: 301-657-0275; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 1
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A