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ERIC Number: EJ788200
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Pages: 12
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 28
ISSN: ISSN-0279-6015
Increasing Treatment Integrity through Negative Reinforcement: Effects on Teacher and Student Behavior
DiGennaro, Florence D.; Martens, Brian K.; McIntyre, Laura Lee
School Psychology Review, v34 n2 p220-231 2005
The current study examined the extent to which treatment integrity was increased and maintained for 4 teachers in their regular classroom settings as a result of performance feedback and negative reinforcement. Teachers received daily written feedback about their accuracy in implementing an intervention and were able to avoid meeting with a consultant to practice missed steps by implementing the procedure with 100% integrity. Treatment integrity increased for all 4 teachers and gains were maintained over time. Decreases in off-task behavior were observed for 3 of the 4 student participants. Results suggest that an intervention package of performance feedback and negative reinforcement may be a viable, time-efficient technique for increasing the integrity of plan implementation by teachers in the classroom. (Contains 1 table and 1 figure.)
National Association of School Psychologists. 4340 East West Highway Suite 402, Bethesda, MD 20814. Tel: 301-657-0270; Fax: 301-657-0275; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York