ERIC Number: EJ788125
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Reference Count: 0
Discussion: Modeling and Maximizing Peer Effects in School
Wilkinson, Ian A. G.; Parr, Judy M.; Fung, Irene Y. Y.; Hattie, John A. C.; Townsend, Michael A. R.
International Journal of Educational Research, v37 n5 p521-535 2002
This chapter discusses issues that are common across the literatures and makes connections across the different levels of inquiry to develop a conceptual model of peer influences on learning. Based on the premise that compositional effects operate through a nested series of hierarchical layers, the chapter proposes a multi-layered model with effects propagating from school-level influences to class-level influences to group-level influences to ambient and configured environments for learning among peers. It is proposed that many of the effects are indirect. Hence, peer effects "look" smaller the further we move away from the instructional coalface because they are mediated by intervening layers. It is also noted that there may be reciprocal effects whereby peers influence teachers and school organization and management. Finally, the chapter describes four instructional approaches that utilize peer resources to maximize learning. These approaches demonstrate additional ways of capitalizing on peer effects beyond altering student composition.
Descriptors: Peer Influence, Teaching Methods, Models, Educational Environment, Classroom Environment, Teacher Student Relationship, School Organization, School Administration
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A