ERIC Number: EJ788052
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Reference Count: 0
University Students' Perceptions of Pre-School and Kindergarten Children Who Stutter
Betz, Ilana Roth; Blood, Gordon W.; Blood, Ingrid M.
Journal of Communication Disorders, v41 n3 p259-273 May-Jun 2008
To determine how early "the stuttering stereotype" is assigned, 160 university students rated a hypothetical vignette depicting either a 3-, 4-, 5-, or 6-year-old with or without the statement "He stutters". A factor analysis of the semantic differential scale showed a three-factor solution comprised of 17 of the 25 bi-polar adjective pairs. The factor labeled personality showed significantly more negative ratings for 2-, 4-, 5-, or 6-year-old children based on the inclusion of the "He stutters" sentence. There were no differences between male and female raters. A significant difference was found between raters who were knew someone who stuttered and raters who did not know someone who stuttered on the personality factor. Raters who were knew someone who stuttered were significantly more likely to assign more positive ratings to the children. Learning outcomes: Readers should be able to learn and understand: (1) the research describing the negative stereotypes associated with stuttering; (2) the vignette method used to evaluate stereotypes in children and youth; (3) the negative perceptions of the sentence "He stutters" on raters' perception of personality, sociability and speech for children as young as 3-, 4-, 5-, or 6-year-olds; and (4) the familiarity with a person who stutters and raters' perceptions of children who stutter.
Descriptors: Sentences, Student Attitudes, Stereotypes, Stuttering, Semantics, Form Classes (Languages), Familiarity, Personality, Semantic Differential, Factor Analysis, College Students, Children
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A