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ERIC Number: EJ787866
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Nov
Pages: 34
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1060-9393
The Values and Identification of the Younger Generation of the Russian and Polish Intelligentsia
Zarycki, Tomasz
Russian Education and Society, v40 n11 p5-38 Nov 2007
This article presents findings related to the self-determination of students in two cities within the framework of the traditional sense of intellectual identity and its ideological factors. The article has attempted first and foremost to determine the extent to which college students in Moscow and Warsaw consider themselves to be members of the intelligentsia. In a 2004 survey, this question was posed directly, but the identity "intelligent" was included in a list of other identities that are potential competitors for the identity of intelligentsia member, such as "member of the middle class," "intellektual", and others. Methodologically, the question was worked out by way of developing the question of Marxist identity, which was regularly included in the questionnaires of Professor Stefan Nowak's collective. This made it possible to compare the findings of surveys from different years and to combine the various types of identities in a single question. First, the article examines the general patterns established in analyzing the answers to questions about identity. The results of the survey provide explicit evidence that in the informal dimension--or, in Bourdieu's terminology, the "learned" dimension, the role played by cultural capital in Poland is much more important than in Russia. On the institutional plane, especially when it is a matter of access to a higher education, in Russia a family's cultural capital does a great deal more to determine one's chances of social advancement. In Poland, cultural capital is a significant criterion of social life, first and foremost the importance of the role played by the intelligentsia, which can be defined in formal terms as the class of "cultural capitalists" (in contrast to classical capitalists [or] what are called economic and "state capitalists," that is, the managerial elite and the groups that are associated with it). (Contains 21 tables and 9 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Poland; Russia (Moscow)