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ERIC Number: EJ787820
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 10
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 15
ISSN: ISSN-0037-7996
"I Had Always Heard Lincoln Was a Good Person, but ...": A Study of Sixth Graders' Reading of Lincoln's Views on Black-White Relations
Wooden, John A.
Social Studies, v99 n1 p23-32 Jan-Feb 2008
Research in historical cognition and learning suggests that study and practice of the reading and thinking habits of professional historians--such as the attribution, assessment, and contextualization of primary sources--are necessary for children and adolescents to understand historical events and ideas (Stearns, Seixas, and Wineburg 2000; VanSledright 2002; Wineburg 2001). To learn more about how sixth-grade students read and analyze evidence of the past, I gave two proficient readers original sources on black-white relations from Abraham Lincoln and his contemporaries. Coding and analysis of participants' responses revealed the extent to which they judged historical actors by current ethical and cultural norms and struggled to contextualize historical accounts. The study, originally conducted by Sam Wineburg (2001) with preservice teachers, accentuates the need to explore how educators can teach proficient readers of isolated expository texts to read intertextually, place controversial sources in appropriate historical contexts, and interrogate the rationales behind historical actors' ideas and decisions. (Contains 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 6
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A