ERIC Number: EJ787734
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Body- and Environmental-Stabilized Processing of Spatial Knowledge
Mou, Weimin; Li, Xiaoou; McNamara, Timothy P.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v34 n2 p415-421 Mar 2008
In 5 experiments, the authors examined the perceptual and cognitive processes used to track the locations of objects during locomotion. Participants learned locations of 9 objects on the outer part of a turntable from a single viewpoint while standing in the middle of the turntable. They subsequently pointed to objects while facing the learning heading and a new heading, using imagined headings that corresponded to their current actual body heading and the other actual heading. Participants in 4 experiments were asked to imagine that the objects moved with them as they turned and were shown or only told that the objects would move with them; in Experiment 5, participants were shown that objects could move with them but were asked to ignore this as they turned. Results showed that participants tracked object locations as though the objects moved with them when shown but not when told about the consequences of their locomotion. Once activated, this processing mode could not be suppressed by instructions. Results indicated that people process object locations in a body- or an environment-stabilized manner during locomotion, depending on the perceptual consequences of locomotion.
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Motion, Experiments, Perceptual Motor Learning, Human Body, Spatial Ability
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A