ERIC Number: EJ787726
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Orienting Attention in Visual Working Memory Reduces Interference from Memory Probes
Makovski, Tal; Sussman, Rachel; Jiang, Yuhong V.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v34 n2 p369-380 Mar 2008
Given a changing visual environment, and the limited capacity of visual working memory (VWM), the contents of VWM must be in constant flux. Using a change detection task, the authors show that VWM is subject to obligatory updating in the face of new information. Change detection performance is enhanced when the item that may change is retrospectively cued 1 s after memory encoding and 0.5 s before testing. The retro-cue benefit cannot be explained by memory decay or by a reduction in interference from other items held in VWM. Rather, orienting attention to a single memory item makes VWM more resistant to interference from the test probe. The authors conclude that the content of VWM is volatile unless it receives focused attention, and that the standard change detection task underestimates VWM capacity.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A