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ERIC Number: EJ787434
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Mar
Pages: 7
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0162-3257
Brief Report: Perception of Genuine and Posed Smiles by Individuals with Autism
Boraston, Zillah L.; Corden, Ben; Miles, Lynden K.; Skuse, David H.; Blakemore, Sarah-Jayne
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v38 n3 p574-580 Mar 2008
Individuals with autism are impaired in the recognition of fear, which may be due to their reduced tendency to look at the eyes. Here we investigated another potential perceptual and social consequence of reduced eye fixation. The eye region of the face is critical for identifying genuine, or sincere, smiles. We therefore investigated this ability in adults with autism. We used eye-tracking to measure gaze behaviour to faces displaying posed and genuine smiles. Adults with autism were impaired on the posed/genuine smile task and looked at the eyes significantly less than did controls. Also, within the autism group, task performance correlated with social interaction ability. We conclude that reduced eye contact in autism leads to reduced ability to discriminate genuine from posed smiles with downstream effects on social interaction.
Springer. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail: service-ny@springer.com; Web site: http://www.springerlink.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A