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ERIC Number: EJ787414
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Mar
Pages: 15
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0162-3257
Event Schemas in Autism Spectrum Disorders: The Role of Theory of Mind and Weak Central Coherence
Loth, Eva; Gomez, Juan Carlos; Happe, Francesca
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v38 n3 p449-463 Mar 2008
Event schemas (generalized knowledge of what happens at common real-life events, e.g., a birthday party) are an important cognitive tool for social understanding: They provide structure for social experiences while accounting for many variable aspects. Using an event narratives task, this study tested the hypotheses that theory of mind (ToM) deficits and weak central coherence (WCC, a local processing bias) undermine different aspects of event knowledge in people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Event narratives of ASD ToM-failers were overall significantly impaired. ASD ToM-passers showed more specific abnormalities relating to variable activities, and some of these were significantly associated to WCC. Abnormalities in event knowledge might help linking ASD-typical social deficits in real-life situations and the adherence to inflexible routines.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A