ERIC Number: EJ786946
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Neighborhood Characteristics, Parenting, and Children's Safety
McDonell, James R.
Social Indicators Research, v83 n1 p177-199 Aug 2007
Recent studies highlight the importance of neighborhood context for child and family well-being. Yet challenges to research on neighborhood effects remain; research on young children is sparse, as is research on neighborhood effects on parenting. Measurement also continues to challenge researchers, particularly in devising non-invasive means of gauging neighborhood characteristics. The present study seeks to address these issues by using data from a newly developed observational measure of neighborhood characteristics to examine parent reports of the safety of neighborhood children in the home and self-reports of parenting. The results showed that neighborhood characteristics accounted for 23% of the variance in parent perceptions of children's safety in the home, with neighborhood physical appearance strongly predicting children's safety. Neighborhood effects on self-reported parenting were more modest, accounting for just 6% of the variance in parents' reports of nurturing interactions with their children; vigilance for the safety of the neighborhood was a significant predictor. The study has implications for observational measurement of neighborhood effects and for policy and program practices to improve child and family well-being through neighborhood change.
Descriptors: Neighborhoods, Safety, Child Rearing, Well Being, Measurement, Parent Attitudes, Prediction, Public Policy, Children, Family (Sociological Unit), Program Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A