ERIC Number: EJ786838
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Investigating the Intra-Individual Variability and Trajectories of Subjective Well-Being
Gadermann, Anne M.; Zumbo, Bruno D.
Social Indicators Research, v81 n1 p1-33 Mar 2007
The present study explored the short-term temporal characteristics of subjective well-being (SWB) and its potential correlates. Specifically, we examined the intra-individual variability and the trajectories of SWB and its components life satisfaction, positive, and negative affect. Over a two-week period, 27 participants (78% university students, 85% females, mean age of 29 years) provided SWB data every other day. Before and after this period, participants completed several questionnaires assessing personality and environmental variables, as well as several open-ended questions. The results provide evidence that participants experienced a significant amount of intra-individual variability in their SWB and its components. Furthermore, inter-individual differences in the intra-individual variability were related to several of the personality and environmental variables, as well as to participant's age. Results of multiple regression analyses indicated that deliberation (one facet of the Big Five dimension conscientiousness), social support, and age accounted for 58% of the total variance of intra-individual variability in SWB. In contrast, the slopes of the individual trajectories of SWB were on average statistically non-significantly different from zero. These results emphasize that information is gained by looking at both the patterns and the intra-individual variability over time: The individual trajectories of the participants on average appeared to be stable, but intra-individual variability of SWB was meaningfully related to several of the variables.
Descriptors: Life Satisfaction, Personality, Well Being, Questionnaires, Evaluation Methods, Age, Social Support Groups
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A