ERIC Number: EJ786632
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Cluster Profiles of Youths Living in Urban Poverty: Factors Affecting Risk and Resilience
Anthony, Elizabeth K.
Social Work Research, v32 n1 p6-17 Mar 2008
This study examined risk and protective factors among a sample of 157 youths between grades and 8 who resided in three urban public housing developments. The relationship between identified patterns of risk and protection and educational and behavioral outcomes was assessed. Indicators of risk and protection were based on an ecological and multisystems perspective and included measures of individual characteristics, interpersonal and social traits, family conditions, microsystem transactions, and neighborhood influences. K-means clustering techniques revealed four cluster profiles characterized by unique patterns of risk and protection. Results suggest that important differences exist in patterns of risk and protection among young people who live in poverty and that these differences are evident in educational and behavioral outcomes. Findings also point to characteristics that appear to sustain resilient development in the presence of multilayered risk.
Descriptors: Individual Characteristics, Personality Traits, Poverty, Housing, Profiles, Urban Areas, Public Housing, Adolescents, Risk, Outcomes of Education, Multivariate Analysis
National Association of Social Workers (NASW). 750 First Street NE Suite 700, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-227-3590; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.naswpress.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Middle Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A