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ERIC Number: EJ786627
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Apr
Pages: 19
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 51
ISSN: ISSN-1055-8896
Influences on Visual Attentional Distribution in Multimedia Instruction
Wiebe, Eric; Annetta, Leonard
Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, v17 n2 p259-277 Apr 2008
Previous work applying cognitive load theory has demonstrated the effect of various text/graphic/narration relations on learning using multimedia material. Other work has looked at how the degree of integration between the text and graphics influences their use. This study set out to look at how the degree of integration between text and graphics interacts with text density, graphic dynamics, and narration to influence visual attention in multimedia instructional material. Eye tracking methodologies were used to explore how visual attentional resources were distributed under these varying conditions. Narration had a clear effect of "pacing" the viewers of the slide show. In addition, both high text density and relevant animation seemed to create high load conditions that favored students relying more heavily on narration, shifting visual attention away from the text and to the graphic. (Contains 9 figures.)
Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. P.O. Box 1545, Chesapeake, VA 23327-1545. Tel: 757-366-5606; Fax: 703-997-8760; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A