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ERIC Number: EJ786625
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Apr
Pages: 25
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 39
ISSN: ISSN-1055-8896
Temporal, but Not Spatial, Contiguity Effects while Studying an Interactive Geographic Map
Crooks, Steven; White, David; Srinivasan, Sribhagyam; Wang, Qingfu
Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, v17 n2 p145-169 Apr 2008
In two experiments we investigated the effects of temporal and spatial contiguity on learning from a computer-based geographic map and associated text. In Experiment 1, participants were randomly assigned to conditions that presented text either contiguous to (temporal or spatiotemporal) or noncontiguous to corresponding map features. The results showed that participants studying facts temporally or spatiotemporally contiguous to map features recalled more facts and made more accurate inferences than those studying facts not contiguous to map features. However, spatial contiguity did not affect learning beyond the effects of temporal contiguity alone. The temporal contiguity effect was replicated in Experiment 2 when facts were contiguous to map labels and markers, but not when facts were contiguous to just markers. These results contribute to the literature by showing the relative effects of temporal and spatial contiguity and by demonstrating the conditions that facilitate contiguity effects in computer-based geography instruction. (Contains 3 figures, 2 tables and 1 note.)
Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. P.O. Box 1545, Chesapeake, VA 23327-1545. Tel: 757-366-5606; Fax: 703-997-8760; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A