ERIC Number: EJ786464
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Reference Count: 0
Making Numbers Matter: Present and Future Research in Risk Communication
Fagerlin, Angela; Ubel, Peter A.; Smith, Dylan M.; Zikmund-Fisher, Brian J.
American Journal of Health Behavior, v31 suppl 1 pS47-S56 Sep-Oct 2007
Objective: To summarize existing research on individual numeracy and methods for presenting risk information to patients. Methods: We selectively retrieved articles from MEDLINE and the "Social Sciences Citation Index". Results: Many Americans have low numeracy skills, a deficit that impedes effective health care. Approaches to risk communication vary in current practice, but how risks are presented can significantly affect both patients' risk perceptions and their knowledge. Conclusions: Adhering to some basic principles for presenting risk information to patients can improve understanding. However, different risk-communication methods may be needed for individuals with high versus low levels of numeracy.
Descriptors: Risk, Interpersonal Communication, Patients, Numeracy, Low Achievement, Visual Aids, Meta Analysis, Participative Decision Making, Patient Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A