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ERIC Number: EJ786452
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Oct
Pages: 23
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0272-930X
Behavioral Characteristics Associated with Stable and Fluid Best Friendship Patterns in Middle Childhood
Bowker, Julie C. Wojslawowicz; Rubin, Kenneth H.; Burgess, Kim B.; Booth-LaForce, Cathryn; Rose-Krasnor, Linda
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, v52 n4 p671-693 Oct 2006
Five groups of children were identified using friendship nominations from the fall and spring of their fifth-grade year: (1) children with a stable best friendship with the same child ("same-stable"); (2) children with a mutual best friendship at Times 1 and 2, but the best friend was a different child at each time ("different-stable"); (3) children with a best friendship at Time 1 but not at Time 2 ("friendship loss"); (4) children who had no best friendship at Time 1 but did have a best friendship at Time 2 ("friendship gain"); and (5) chronically friendless children. Peer nominations of psychosocial adjustment were gathered at both time points. The "friendship gain" group became "less" victimized and the "friendship loss" group became more victimized by Time 2. The two "stable" groups of children were rated as prosocial and popular, with low levels of aggression and victimization. Findings suggest that the consistency of having "any" best friendship across time may be as important to children's adjustment as same-friendship stability. The results of this study also highlight the importance of best friendship "renewal."
Wayne State University Press. The Leonard N. Simons Building, 4809 Woodward Avenue, Detroit, MI 48201-1309. Tel: 800-978-7323; Fax: 313-577-6131; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A