ERIC Number: EJ786451
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Predicting Preschool Cognitive Development from Infant Temperament, Maternal Sensitivity, and Psychosocial Risk
Lemelin, Jean-Pascal; Tarabulsy, George M.; Provost, Marc A.
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, v52 n4 p779-806 Oct 2006
This longitudinal study investigated the relative contributions of infant temperament, maternal sensitivity, and psychosocial risk to individual differences in preschool children's cognitive development. It also examined specific moderating effects between predictors as well as the specific mediating role of maternal sensitivity in the relation between psychosocial risk and children's cognitive development. A mixed sample comprising 27 low-risk (i.e., adult mothers) and 62 high-risk (i.e., adolescent mothers) mother-child dyads was evaluated at home on five occasions. At 6 and 10 months, infants' cognitive development was assessed using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (BSID) (Bayley, 1993). At 15 and 18 months, mothers completed Goldsmith's (1996) Toddler Behavior Assessment Questionnaire (TBAQ), and observers completed Pederson and Moran's (1995) Maternal Behavior Q-Sort. At 36 months, preschoolers' cognitive development was reassessed using the BSID. Results showed that controlling for infant mental development scores, all three classes of variables contributed to differences in cognitive functioning. Psychosocial risk moderated the relations between interest persistence and preschooler cognitive development, and the interaction between risk and infant anger proneness tended toward significance (p = 0.07). Maternal sensitivity significantly, but partially, mediated the relation between psychosocial risk and cognitive development. Implications of these results for current understanding of the processes underlying socioemotional influences on cognitive development are discussed.
Descriptors: Mothers, Preschool Children, Infants, Personality Traits, Cognitive Development, Predictor Variables, Parent Child Relationship, Psychological Patterns, Longitudinal Studies, At Risk Persons, Correlation, Early Parenthood, Adolescents, Toddlers
Wayne State University Press. The Leonard N. Simons Building, 4809 Woodward Avenue, Detroit, MI 48201-1309. Tel: 800-978-7323; Fax: 313-577-6131; Web site: http://wsupress.wayne.edu/journals/merrill/merrillj.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A