ERIC Number: EJ786427
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Predicting Interpersonal Competence and Self-Worth from Adolescent Relationships and Relationship Networks: Variable-Centered and Person-Centered Perspectives
Laursen, Brett; Furman, Wyndol; Mooney, Karen S.
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, v52 n3 p572-600 Jul 2006
A two-year longitudinal investigation examined adolescents' (N = 100 girls and 99 boys) perceptions of social support in relationships with mothers, close friends, and romantic partners from Grade 10 (ages 14-16) to Grade 12 (ages 16-18). Adolescents, mothers, and close friends also provided descriptions of the participants' global self-worth and interpersonal competence. Variable-centered and person-centered analyses revealed that perceived social support tends to be similar across relationships and stable over time. Variable-centered analyses indicated that social support in mother-adolescent relationships was uniquely related to adolescent global self-worth; that social support in close friendships was uniquely related to social acceptance, friendship competence, and romantic competence; and that social support in romantic relationships was uniquely related to romantic competence. Person-centered analyses indicated that adolescents who reported high social support in all three relationships had higher self-worth and greater interpersonal competence than those who did not have a romantic relationship and who reported low social support in relationships with mothers and close friends; and that scores for adolescents who had a romantic relationship but who reported low social support in all three relationships fell in between these two groups. Taken together, variable-centered analyses suggest that different relationships influence different dimensions of competence, but person-centered analyses indicate that a sizable proportion of adolescents have relationships that act in concert with one another.
Descriptors: Mothers, Adolescents, Grade 12, Grade 10, Interpersonal Competence, Interpersonal Relationship, Prediction, Longitudinal Studies, Attitude Measures, Social Support Groups, Parent Child Relationship, Friendship, Peer Relationship, Intimacy, Self Concept
Wayne State University Press. The Leonard N. Simons Building, 4809 Woodward Avenue, Detroit, MI 48201-1309. Tel: 800-978-7323; Fax: 313-577-6131; Web site: http://wsupress.wayne.edu/journals/merrill/merrillj.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 10; Grade 12
Authoring Institution: N/A