ERIC Number: EJ786422
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Predictive Validity of Personality Types versus Personality Dimensions from Early Childhood to Adulthood: Implications for the Distinction between Core and Surface Traits
Asendorpf, Jens B.; Denissen, Jaap J. A.
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, v52 n3 p486-513 Jul 2006
This study compared the long-term predictive validity of person-centered personality types and variable-centered personality dimensions assessed between ages 4-6 years in a population sample of 154 children. Results indicated that the predictive power of both approaches was remarkably robust between age 17 and 22, and even increased in the case of aggressiveness. At age 22 the long-term predictive ability of both types and dimensions was about equal, both in terms of the multivariate percentage of explained variance and the number of significant longitudinal correlates. This pattern is consistent with the notion that personality types and variables represent core personality domains that predict a wide range of longitudinal outcomes. However, the predictive ability of both approaches was larger for personality traits and intelligence than for social relationships outcomes. Implications for the distinction between core and surface traits are discussed.
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Predictive Validity, Age Differences, Young Children, Evaluation Methods, Aggression, Intelligence, Interpersonal Relationship, Longitudinal Studies, Psychological Patterns
Wayne State University Press. The Leonard N. Simons Building, 4809 Woodward Avenue, Detroit, MI 48201-1309. Tel: 800-978-7323; Fax: 313-577-6131; Web site: http://wsupress.wayne.edu/journals/merrill/merrillj.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A