ERIC Number: EJ786195
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Public Health Approach to the Study of Mental Retardation
Chapman, Derek A.; Scott, Keith G.; Stanton-Chapman, Tina L.
American Journal on Mental Retardation, v113 n2 p102-116 Mar 2008
We applied a public health approach to the study of mental retardation by providing a basic descriptive epidemiological analysis using a large statewide linked birth and public school record database (N = 327,831). Sociodemographic factors played a key role across all levels of mental retardation. Birthweight less than 1000 g was associated with the highest individual-level risk, but the impact varied considerably, depending on maternal educational level. Low maternal education was associated with the largest effects at the population level for mild and moderate/severe mental retardation. Focusing exclusively on specific biomedical causes is of little use in developing public health plans; a broader biosocial perspective reflecting the interactive complexity of the risk factors comprising the various etiological patterns is needed.
Descriptors: Severe Mental Retardation, Mental Retardation, Public Health, Risk, Databases, Mothers, Educational Attainment, Birth, Body Weight, Etiology, Epidemiology, Planning, Public Schools
American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. P.O. Box 1897, Lawrence, KS 66044-1897. Tel: 785-843-1235; Fax: 785-843-1274; e-mail: AJMR@allenpress.com; Web site: http://aaidd.allenpress.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A