ERIC Number: EJ786057
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Counting Blessings in Early Adolescents: An Experimental Study of Gratitude and Subjective Well-Being
Froh, Jeffery J.; Sefick, William J.; Emmons, Robert A.
Journal of School Psychology, v46 n2 p213-233 Apr 2008
The development and manifestation of gratitude in youth is unclear. We examined the effects of a grateful outlook on subjective well-being and other outcomes of positive psychological functioning in 221 early adolescents. Eleven classes were randomly assigned to either a gratitude, hassles, or control condition. Results indicated that counting blessings was associated with enhanced self-reported gratitude, optimism, life satisfaction, and decreased negative affect. Feeling grateful in response to aid mediated the relationship between experimental condition and general gratitude at the 3-week follow-up. The most significant finding was the robust relationship between gratitude and satisfaction with school experience at both the immediate post-test and 3-week follow-up. Counting blessings seems to be an effective intervention for well-being enhancement in early adolescents.
Descriptors: Life Satisfaction, Early Adolescents, Educational Experience, Well Being, Psychological Patterns, Comparative Analysis, Student Attitudes, Negative Attitudes, Affective Behavior, Correlation, Student Experience
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A