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ERIC Number: EJ786035
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Mar
Pages: 14
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0965
Parent-Child Relationship, Temperament, and Physiological Reactions to Fear-Inducing Film Clips: Further Evidence for Differential Susceptibility
Gilissen, Renske; Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J.; van IJzendoorn, Marinus H.; van der Veer, Rene
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, v99 n3 p182-195 Mar 2008
Recent studies have supported the intriguing hypothesis that highly reactive infants are most susceptible to the effect of parenting. This study replicates and extends an earlier study on 4-year-olds concerning higher susceptibility of more fearful children to the quality of their relationships with their mothers, as shown by their physiological reactions to fear-inducing film clips. Two groups of children (4- and 7-year-olds) were shown the same fear-inducing and neutral film clips. During the film clips, their skin conductance and heart rate variability were measured. Both 4- and 7-year-olds responded to the fear-inducing film clips with increases in skin conductance and decreases in heart rate variability. A secure relationship affected the reactivity to fearful stimuli in temperamentally more fearful children but not in less fearful children irrespective of children's ages. Our findings add to the growing literature showing that children high in negative emotion are more susceptible to positive as well as negative rearing influences for better and for worse.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A