ERIC Number: EJ786010
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jan
Recall of Details Never Experienced: Effects of Age, Repetition, and Semantic Cues
Holliday, Robyn E.; Reyna, Valerie F.; Brainerd, Charles J.
Cognitive Development, v23 n1 p67-78 Jan 2008
To test theoretical predictions about the role of meaning connections in false memory, the effects of semantic cues and list repetition on children's false memories were evaluated across early childhood to mid-adolescence using the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm. True recall and false recall increased from 7 to 13 years. Study list repetition increased true recall of list words with the magnitude of this effect largest in the older children and adolescents. Repetition reduced false recall of critical lures in all age groups. Consistent with theoretical predictions, false recall of critical lures increased when children were informed of the thematic gist of each list prior to study.
Descriptors: Cues, Semantics, Prediction, Cognitive Processes, Recall (Psychology), Age Differences, Children, Adolescents, Evaluation Methods
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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