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ERIC Number: EJ785902
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Dec
Pages: 10
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0363-0234
Modifiable Risk Factors for Attempted Suicide in Australian Clinical and Community Samples
Carter, Gregory L.; Page, Andrew; Clover, Kerrie; Taylor, Richard
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, v37 n6 p671-680 Dec 2007
Modifiable risk factors for suicide attempt require identification in clinical and community samples. The aim of this study was to determine if similar social and psychiatric factors are associated with suicide attempts in community and clinical settings and whether the magnitude of effect is greater in clinical populations. Two case-control studies were used: nationwide community-based lifetime attempted suicide (ComAS) cases compared to nationwide community controls; and clinical deliberate self-poisoning (ClinDSP) cases that had hospital treatment compared to normative controls of similar demographic composition. The pattern of risk factors in ComAS and ClinDSP cases was similar, the magnitude of risk usually greater in clinical cases. Greatest attributable fractions were: ComAS current unemployment (39.8% male, 15.5% female) and anxiety disorders (14.0% males, 22.6% females); and ClinDSP current unemployment (69.6% male, 55.5% female) and affective disorders (45.4% male, 39.1% female). Practical intervention targets were unemployment, anxiety and substance use disorders, affective disorders (clinical only), and personality disorder (females only).
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A