ERIC Number: EJ785887
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Emotional Antecedents and Consequences of Deliberate Self-Harm and Suicide Attempts
Chapman, Alexander L.; Dixon-Gordon, Katherine L.
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, v37 n5 p543-552 Oct 2007
Emotional experiences immediately prior to (emotional antecedents) and following (emotional consequences) deliberate self-harm and suicide attempts in female inmates (N = 63) were examined. Anger was the antecedent emotion reported by the largest proportion of individuals who had engaged in deliberate self-harm (45.16%), suicide attempts (40.9%), and ambivalent suicide attempts (30%). Relief and other positive emotional shifts were more common in deliberate self-harm (41.94%) (involving no intent to die) than in suicide attempts or ambivalent suicide attempts, particularly for persons with borderline personality disorder. These findings underscore the utility of discriminating between deliberate self-harm and suicidal behavior and highlight the potential role of anger in triggering such behaviors.
Descriptors: Personality Problems, Suicide, Psychological Patterns, Self Destructive Behavior, Emotional Response, Correlation, Females, Correctional Institutions, Institutionalized Persons
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A