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ERIC Number: EJ785871
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jun
Pages: 15
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 47
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0363-0234
An Evaluation of Crisis Hotline Outcomes. Part 2: Suicidal Callers
Gould, Madelyn S.; Kalafat, John; HarrisMunfakh, Jimmie Lou; Kleinman, Marjorie
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, v37 n3 p338-352 Jun 2007
In this study we evaluated the effectiveness of telephone crisis services/hotlines, examining proximal outcomes as measured by changes in callers' suicide state from the beginning to the end of their calls to eight centers in the U.S. and again within 3 weeks of their calls. Between March 2003 and July 2004, 1,085 suicide callers were assessed during their calls and 380 (35.0%) participated in the follow-up assessment. Several key findings emerged. Seriously suicidal individuals reached out to telephone crisis services. Significant decreases in suicidality were found during the course of the telephone session, with continuing decreases in hopelessness and psychological pain in the following weeks. A caller's intent to die at the end of the call was the most potent predictor of subsequent suicidality. The need to heighten outreach strategies and improve referrals is highlighted. (Contains 4 tables.) [For part 1, see EJ785868.]
Guilford Press. 72 Spring Street, New York, NY 10012. Tel: 800-365-7006; Tel: 212-431-9800; Fax: 212-966-6708; e-mail: info@guilford.com; Web site: http://www.guilford.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States