ERIC Number: EJ785839
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Dispositional and Explanatory Style Optimism as Potential Moderators of the Relationship between Hopelessness and Suicidal Ideation
Hirsch, Jameson K.; Conner, Kenneth R.
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, v36 n6 p661-669 Dec 2006
To test the hypothesis that higher levels of optimism reduce the association between hopelessness and suicidal ideation, 284 college students completed self-report measures of optimism and Beck scales for hopelessness, suicidal ideation, and depression. A statistically significant interaction between hopelessness and one measure of optimism was obtained, consistent with the hypothesis that optimism moderates the relationship between hopelessness and suicidal ideation. Hopelessness is not inevitably associated with suicidal ideation. Optimism may be an important moderator of the association. The development of treatments to enhance optimism may complement standard treatments to reduce suicidality that target depression and hopelessness.
Descriptors: Suicide, Depression (Psychology), Correlation, Psychological Patterns, Hypothesis Testing, College Students, Interaction, Prevention, Personality Traits
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A