ERIC Number: EJ785556
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Anticipatory Effects of Intonation: Eye Movements during Instructed Visual Search
Ito, Kiwako; Speer, Shari R.
Journal of Memory and Language, v58 n2 p541-573 Feb 2008
Three eye-tracking experiments investigated the role of pitch accents during online discourse comprehension. Participants faced a grid with ornaments, and followed prerecorded instructions such as "Next, hang the blue ball" to decorate holiday trees. Experiment 1 demonstrated a processing advantage for felicitous as compared to infelicitous uses of L+H* on the adjective noun pair (e.g., "blue ball" followed by "GREEN ball" vs. "green BALL"). Experiment 2 confirmed that L+H* on a contrastive adjective led to "anticipatory" fixations, and demonstrated a "garden path" effect for infelicitous L+H* in sequences with no discourse contrast (e.g., "blue angel" followed by "GREEN ball" resulted in erroneous fixations to the cell of angels). Experiment 3 examined listeners' sensitivity to coherence between pitch accents assigned to discourse markers such as "And then," and those assigned to the target object noun phrase.
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Nouns, Intonation, Suprasegmentals, Form Classes (Languages), Experiments
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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