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ERIC Number: EJ785541
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Feb
Pages: 25
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0749-596X
Syntactic Priming Persists while the Lexical Boost Decays: Evidence from Written and Spoken Dialogue
Hartsuiker, Robert J.; Bernolet, Sarah; Schoonbaert, Sofie; Speybroeck, Sara; Vanderelst, Dieter
Journal of Memory and Language, v58 n2 p214-238 Feb 2008
Four experiments in written and spoken dialogue tested the predictions of two distinct accounts of syntactic encoding in sentence production: a lexicalist, residual activation account and an implicit-learning account. Experiments 1 and 2 showed syntactic priming (i.e., the tendency to reuse the syntactic structure of a prime sentence in the production of a target sentence) and a lexical boost of syntactic priming (i.e., an enhanced priming effect when the verb in prime and target was the same). Experiments 3 and 4 varied the number of filler sentences between prime and target (lag) and showed that lexical enhancement of priming is short-lived, whereas the priming effect is much more long-lived. These results did not depend on whether the modality of prime and target was written or spoken. The persistence of priming supports the view that syntactic priming is a form of implicit learning. However, only a multi-factorial account, in which lexically-based, short-term mechanisms operate in tandem with abstract, longer-term learning mechanisms can explain the full pattern of results.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A