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ERIC Number: EJ785510
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jan
Pages: 19
Abstractor: Author
ISSN: ISSN-0361-476X
Female "Big Fish" Swimming against the Tide: The "Big-Fish-Little-Pond Effect" and Gender-Ratio in Special Gifted Classes
Preckel, Franzis; Zeidner, Moshe; Goetz, Thomas; Schleyer, Esther Jane
Contemporary Educational Psychology, v33 n1 p78-96 Jan 2008
This study takes a second look at the "big-fish-little-pond effect" (BFLPE) on a national sample of 769 gifted Israeli students (32% female) previously investigated by Zeidner and Schleyer (Zeidner, M., & Schleyer, E. J., (1999a). "The big-fish-little-pond effect for academic self-concept, test anxiety, and school grades in gifted children." "Contemporary Educational Psychology," 24, 305-329). The reanalysis of the data, using HLM methodology, was designed to partition individual differences from aggregate group variance, as well as to test a number of focused hypotheses regarding the effects of gender and gender-ratio in class on self-concept. With respect to self-concept, the BFLPE hypothesizes that it is better to be a good student in an average-ability reference group than to be a good student in a high-ability reference group. Prior studies explored the BFLPE comparing gifted students in different educational contexts. Here, the BFLPE was exclusively investigated within special gifted classes. Results supported the BFLPE for academic self-concept. Furthermore, whereas "girls'" academic self-concept was negatively influenced by gender-ratio (percentage of boys in class), gender-ratio had no significant influence on "boys'" academic self-concept.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Israel