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ERIC Number: EJ785487
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Feb
Pages: 14
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 21
ISSN: ISSN-1380-3611
The Paradoxical Relationship between Student Achievement and Self-Perception: A Cross-National Analysis Based on Three Waves of TIMSS Data
Shen, C.; Tam, H. P.
Educational Research and Evaluation, v14 n1 p87-100 Feb 2008
Using 3 waves of the TIMSS data, this study investigates the relationship between 8th-graders' mathematics and science achievement and their self-perceptions on these 2 subjects. For within-country data, there is generally a positive relationship between students' achievement and the following 3 measures of their self-perception: how much they like the 2 subjects, their self-perceived competence in the subjects, and their perceived easiness of the subjects. However, in a between-country analysis, the relationship is opposite. More specifically, when the same 3 self-perception measures are aggregated at the country level, there is a negative relationship between self-perceptions and achievement. These findings are consistent for both mathematics and science across the data for all 3 waves. Correlation analysis is used for both within-country and between-country analyses. Among several possible explanations, the authors suggest that this pattern may reflect high academic standards in high-performing countries and low academic standards in low-performing countries. (Contains 6 figures and 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 8
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Austria; Chile; China; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Iceland; Indonesia; Ireland; Jordan; Macedonia; Malaysia; Moldova; Morocco; Philippines; Portugal; Switzerland; Tunisia; Turkey