ERIC Number: EJ785484
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Evaluating Fifth- and Sixth-Grade Students' Expository Writing: Task Development, Scoring, and Psychometric Issues
Kulikowich, Jonna M.; Mason, Linda H.; Brown, Scott W.
Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, v21 n1-2 p153-175 Feb 2008
Drawing from multiple theoretical frameworks representing cognitive and educational psychology, we present a writing task and scoring system for measurement of students' informative writing. Participants in this study were 72 fifth- and sixth-grade students who wrote compositions describing real-world problems and how mathematics, science, and social studies information could be used to solve those problems. Of the 72 students, 69 were able to craft a cohesive response that not only demonstrated planning in writing structure but also elaboration of relevant knowledge in one or more domains. Many-facet Rasch Modeling (MFRM) techniques were used to examine the reliability and validity of scores for the writing rating scale. Additionally, comparison of fifth- and sixth-grade responses supported the validity of scores, as did the results of a correlational analysis with scores from an overall interest measure. Recommendations for improving writing scoring systems based on the findings of this investigation are provided.
Descriptors: World Problems, Expository Writing, Educational Psychology, Validity, Rating Scales, Scoring, Psychometrics, Grade 5, Grade 6, Task Analysis, Scores, Problem Solving, Social Studies, Mathematics, Sciences, Reliability, Comparative Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 5; Grade 6
Authoring Institution: N/A