ERIC Number: EJ785220
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Reference Count: 0
Ways to Say No: Refusal Skill Strategies among Urban Adolescents
Nichols, Tracy R.; Graber, Julia A.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Botvin, Gilbert J.
American Journal of Health Behavior, v30 n3 p227-236 May-Jun 2006
Objectives: To examine associations among adolescents' generated verbal strategies (ie, Simple No, Declarative Statements, Excuse, Alternatives) and underlying nonverbal assertiveness in 2 refusal situations: smoking and shoplifting. Methods: Sixth-grade urban minority students (N = 454) participated in videotaped role-play assessments of peer refusal skills. Results: Differences were found by situation with students demonstrating greater use of Simple No in the smoking refusal and Alternatives in the shoplifting refusal. Nonverbal assertiveness was similar across situations and was associated with Declarative Statements, but only in the smoking refusal. Conclusions: Prevention programs should tailor refusal skills practice to cover multiple situations.
Descriptors: Smoking, Prevention, Assertiveness, Adolescents, Minority Group Children, Grade 6, Urban Schools, Early Adolescents, Verbal Communication, Nonverbal Communication, Role Playing, Psychological Patterns, Resistance (Psychology), Crime
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 6
Authoring Institution: N/A