ERIC Number: EJ785136
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
"Ex Corde Ecclesiae" and American Catholic Higher Education: The Calm before the Storm or Dead in the Water?
Russo, Charles J.; Gregory, David L.
Journal of Personnel Evaluation in Education, v19 n3-4 p147-158 Dec 2007
Amid the struggle that Catholic colleges and universities, especially those in the United States, face as they seek to preserve their religious identities, Rome formally entered the fray on August 15, 1990, when Pope John Paul II promulgated the "Ex Corde Ecclesiae" ("Ex Corde") (literally, "from the heart of the Church"). John Paul II wrote "Ex Corde" in an attempt to reinvigorate the debate over how Catholic colleges and universities can remain true to their religious missions while being viable institutions of higher learning wherein faculty members are free to work as researchers and teachers who can meet the same objective performance evaluation criteria as their professional colleagues in the world of academics. In reviewing the status of "Ex Corde" over the more than 5 years that expired since the controversy over the adoption of "The Application" and "The Guidelines" designed to implement "Ex Corde" began, this article is divided into three parts. The first part reviews the basic elements of "Ex Corde" while the second examines both the events surrounding the adoption of "The Application" and "The Guidelines" along with their subsequent (non)implementation in the United States. The third part of the article reflects on the current status of "Ex Corde" in American Catholic colleges and universities, revealing that its critics have little to fear for academic freedom and/or job safety unless its terms are expressly included in employment contracts--a prospect that is not even remotely on the horizon.
Descriptors: Catholics, Church Related Colleges, Evaluation Criteria, Institutional Autonomy, Guidelines, Faculty, Credibility, Academic Freedom, Institutional Mission, Religious Factors, Identification, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Holy See (Vatican City); Italy (Rome); United States
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Ex Corde Ecclesiae