ERIC Number: EJ785079
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Dec
Reference Count: 0
A Critical Review of Self-Perceptions and the Positive Illusory Bias in Children with ADHD
Owens, Julie Sarno; Goldfine, Matthew E.; Evangelista, Nicole M.; Hoza, Betsy; Kaiser, Nina M.
Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, v10 n4 p335-351 Dec 2007
Despite significant functional problems in multiple domains, children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) unexpectedly provide extremely positive reports of their own competence in comparison to other criteria reflecting actual competence. This counterintuitive phenomenon is known as the positive illusory bias (PIB). This article provides a comprehensive and critical review of the literature examining the self-perceptions of children with ADHD and the PIB. Specifically, we analyze methodological and statistical challenges associated with the investigation of the phenomenon, the theoretical basis for the PIB, and the effects of sample heterogeneity on self-perception patterns. We conclude by discussing the implications of this work and providing recommendations for advancing research in this area.
Descriptors: Hyperactivity, Attention Deficit Disorders, Self Concept, Bias, Research Methodology, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A