ERIC Number: EJ785048
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Close Friendship as Understood by Socially Withdrawn, Anxious Early Adolescents
Schneider, Barry H.; Tessier, Nicholas G.
Child Psychiatry and Human Development, v38 n4 p339-351 Dec 2007
The aim of the present study was to explore the social cognitions of socially withdrawn anxious early-adolescents regarding the concept of friendship. From a pool of children referred to an after-school social skills and social contact program, 38 withdrawn/anxious participants were identified and matched with community controls. Interviews regarding their expectations of a best friend revealed that withdrawn/anxious participants tended to focus on their own needs in their concepts of friendship and frequently referred to friendship as a source of help. They also tended to ascribe their best friendship to the circumstantial interactions of classmates or neighbors. Control participants more frequently mentioned the intimacy of a close friendship, which is considered a core defining feature of true friendship. Within the community sample, older participants displayed a more mature understanding of friendship, whereas there were no age effects within the socially anxious group.
Descriptors: Intimacy, Friendship, Early Adolescents, Withdrawal (Psychology), Peer Relationship, Anxiety, Psychological Patterns, Interpersonal Competence, Interpersonal Relationship, Comparative Analysis, Interviews
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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