ERIC Number: EJ785008
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Sep
Effects of a College Access Program for Youth Underrepresented in Higher Education: A Randomized Experiment
Bergin, David A.; Cooks, Helen C.; Bergin, Christi C.
Research in Higher Education, v48 n6 p727-750 Sep 2007
This article describes EXCEL, a program that encourages youth underrepresented in higher education to enroll in higher education, specifically at the sponsoring university. Eighty-three eighth grade students with GPA of B and above and standardized test scores at grade level or above were randomly assigned to the program or to a control group. The program guaranteed a scholarship to the sponsoring university and provided enrichment activities throughout high school. Program students were more likely to enroll at the sponsoring university than were control students. However, program and control students enrolled in higher education at rates that did not differ significantly. No differences were detected in self-esteem or high school GPA. Program students desired more education than control students. The results suggest that scholarship incentive and support programs that target average to above average achieving students in the eighth grade may not raise the overall number of aspiring minority youth attending college, but may be useful to specific universities to raise their minority enrollment.
Descriptors: Control Groups, Higher Education, Grade Point Average, Enrichment Activities, Standardized Tests, Grade 8, Enrollment, Program Descriptions, College Attendance, Scholarships, High Schools, Self Esteem, Minority Groups
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
What Works Clearinghouse Reviewed: Meets Evidence Standards without Reservations
WWC Study Page: http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/study/73777
IES Cited: ED506465; ED512043