ERIC Number: EJ784917
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Effects of a Community Toxic Release on the Psychological Status of Children
Greve, Kevin W.; Bianchini, Kevin J.; Stickle, Timothy R.; Love, Jeffrey M.; Doane, Bridget M.; Thompson, Matthew D.
Child Psychiatry and Human Development, v37 n4 p307-323 Apr 2007
This study sought to determine the emotional effects of a major community toxic release on children in the exposed community while controlling for the potential effects of response bias. Controlling for the response bias inherent in litigated contexts is an advance over previous studies of toxic exposure in children. A randomly selected representative sample of Exposed children (n = 31) was compared to a matched Control group (n = 28) from a nearby, unexposed community. Symptoms and complaints were assessed via interview with the children and their guardians, surveys and checklists, and well-established psychological instruments. Even when biased responding was controlled the Exposed children experienced more psychological distress, more physical symptoms, and greater general concern over their physical functioning than the Controls. The Exposed children also reported some concern about their future health and cancer risk but usually only if asked. Limitations and future research directions are discussed.
Descriptors: Control Groups, Response Style (Tests), Children, Poisoning, Toxicology, Psychological Patterns, Emotional Problems, Anxiety, Context Effect, Child Health, Public Health
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A