ERIC Number: EJ784914
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jun
Reference Count: 0
The Contributions and Prospects of Goal Orientation Theory
Kaplan, Avi; Maehr, Martin L.
Educational Psychology Review, v19 n2 p141-184 Jun 2007
In the last two decades, goal orientation theory has become an important perspective in the field of achievement motivation, and particularly in academic motivation. However, as research in the theory has proliferated, the use of multiple methods to assess goal orientations seems to have contributed to theoretical vagueness, especially with regard to the origin, development, and stability of these orientations. This review article starts with a critique of methods used in goal orientation research. The article then suggests six possible theoretical models of goal orientations that seem to be suggested by the literature, including the perspectives of goal orientations as emerging from: situation-schemas, self-schemas, self-prime, needs, values, and situated meaning-making processes. The article concludes with pointing to convergent findings, implications for practice, and persisting as well as emerging issues for future research.
Descriptors: Models, Goal Orientation, Achievement Need, Motivation, Academic Achievement, Learning Theories, Criticism, Research
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A