ERIC Number: EJ784904
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Friendship Interactions in Children with and without Depressive Symptoms: Observation of Emotion during Game-Playing Interactions and Post-Game Evaluations
Rockhill, Carol M.; Fan, Ming-Yu; Katon, Wayne J.; McCauley, Elizabeth; Crick, Nicki R.; Pleck, Joseph H.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, v35 n3 p429-441 Jun 2007
This observational study supplements the strong and consistent link found between childhood depression and deficits in interpersonal functioning by examining the relationship between a high versus low score on the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) and children's emotions when interacting with their best friends. High-CDI and low-CDI target children (n=86) were paired for videotaped game-playing with self-reported best friends. Researchers found that although high-CDI target children were not distinguishable from low-CDI peers in their displays of positive and negative emotion. However, the partners of high-CDI target children displayed significantly more negative emotion during the competitive task and significantly less positive emotion during the cooperative task than did partners of low-CDI target children. In addition, high-CDI target children and their partners reported less enjoyment of their interactions than low-CDI target children and their partners. This combination of findings suggests that depressive symptoms were associated with a relative lack of success achieving an optimal friendship interaction even under highly favorable conditions.
Descriptors: Friendship, Depression (Psychology), Children, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Measures (Individuals), Videotape Recordings, Task Analysis, Cooperation, Games, Interpersonal Relationship
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A