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ERIC Number: EJ784858
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Dec
Pages: 10
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 23
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0742-1656
Understanding War, Visualizing Peace: Children Draw What They Know
Walker, Kathleen; Myers-Bowman, Karen S.; Myers-Walls, Judith A.
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association, v20 n4 p191-200 Dec 2003
The current study focuses on data collected from children in the United States shortly after the Yugoslavia-NATO conflict. Fifty-six children in two Midwestern states were asked to draw a picture of peace and a picture of war. Two major themes, peace as interpersonal interactions and peace as negative peace, emerged from the qualitative analysis of the children's peace drawings and their accompanying verbal statements. Five themes were identified in the analysis of the war drawings and descriptions: war as activity, war as group conflict, death as a consequence of war, negative emotions related to war, and war as fantasy. Calculating t-tests for paired samples revealed that children included significantly more objects and more figures in their war drawings than in their peace drawings. However, there were no significant differences between the peace and war drawings regarding the number of colors or the percentage of space used. Developmental features of children's drawings are discussed and implications for researchers are presented. (Contains 8 figures and 1 table.)
American Art Therapy Association. 5999 Stevenson Avenue, Alexandria, VA 22304. Tel: 888-290-0878; Tel: 703-212-2238; Fax: 847-566-4580; e-mail: info@arttherapy.org; Web site: http://www.arttherapyjournal.org/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A