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ERIC Number: EJ784761
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 10
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1081-4159
Motor Development of Deaf Children with and without Cochlear Implants
Gheysen, Freja; Loots, Gerrit; Van Waelvelde, Hilde
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, v13 n2 p215-224 Spr 2008
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a cochlear implant (CI) on the motor development of deaf children. The study involved 36 mainstreamed deaf children (15 boys, 21 girls; 4- to 12-years old) without any developmental problems. Of these children, 20 had been implanted. Forty-three hearing children constituted a comparison group. Motor development was assessed by three standardized tests: the Movement Assessment Battery for Children, the Korperkoordinationstest fur Kinder, and the One-leg standing test. Results showed that the hearing children performed on average significantly better than the deaf children (whether or not using a CI). Regarding the use of a CI, there was only a significant difference on one subtest between both groups, although there was a nonsignificant trend for the deaf + CI group to score somewhat worse on average than the deaf - CI group. This led to some significant differences between the hearing group and the deaf + CI group on measures requiring balance that did not hold for the hearing/deaf - CI comparison. Although this study could demonstrate neither a positive nor a negative impact of CI on balance and motor skills, the data raise the need for further, preferably longitudinal, research.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A