ERIC Number: EJ784721
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Feb
Reference Count: 45
The Affective Establishment and Maintenance of Vygotsky's Zone of Proximal Development
Levykh, Michael G.
Educational Theory, v58 n1 p83-101 Feb 2008
Many recent articles, research papers, and conference presentations about Lev Vygotsky's zone of proximal development (ZPD) emphasize the "extended" version of the ZPD that reflects human emotions and desires. In this essay, Michael G. Levykh expands on the extant literature on the ZPD through developing several new ideas. First, he maintains that there is no need to expand ZPD to include emotions, as its more "conservative" dimensions (cognitive, social, cultural, and historical) already encompass affective features. Second, Levykh emphasizes that an emotionally positive collaboration between teachers and students in a caring and nurturing environment must be created from the outset. Finally, he asserts that culturally developed emotions must mediate successful establishment and maintenance of the ZPD in order to be effective. According to Levykh, Vygotsky's notion that learning can lead development represents a crucial contribution to our understanding of teaching and learning by clearly showing that emotions are vital to human learning and development.
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Learning Theories, Affective Behavior, Emotional Development, Cognitive Development, Educational Environment, Learning Processes, Educational Theories, Educational Philosophy
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A