ERIC Number: EJ784720
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Reference Count: 84
Parental Socialization, Vagal Regulation, and Preschoolers' Anxious Difficulties: Direct Mothers and Moderated Fathers
Hastings, Paul D.; Sullivan, Caroline; McShane, Kelly E.; Coplan, Robert J.; Utendale, William T.; Vyncke, Johanna D.
Child Development, v79 n1 p45-64 Jan-Feb 2008
Parental supportiveness and protective overcontrol and preschoolers' parasympathetic regulation were examined as predictors of temperamental inhibition, social wariness, and internalizing problems. Lower baseline vagal tone and weaker vagal suppression were expected to mark poorer dispositional self-regulatory capacity, leaving children more susceptible to the influence of parental socialization. Less supportive mothers had preschoolers with more internalizing problems. One interaction between baseline vagal tone and maternal protective overcontrol, predicting social wariness, conformed to the moderation hypothesis. Conversely, vagal suppression moderated several links between paternal socialization and children's anxious difficulties in the expected pattern. There were more links between mothers' self-reported parenting and child outcomes than were noted for direct observations of maternal behavior, whereas the opposite tended to be true for fathers.
Descriptors: Socialization, Mothers, Infants, Fathers, Parent Influence, Anxiety, Student Adjustment, Emotional Response, Predictor Variables, Inhibition, Interpersonal Relationship, Behavior Problems, Self Control, Hypothesis Testing, Parenting Styles
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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