ERIC Number: EJ784714
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Reference Count: 98
Neighborhood Disadvantage: Pathways of Effects for Young Children
Kohen, Dafna E.; Leventhal, Tama; Dahinten, V. Susan; McIntosh, Cameron N.
Child Development, v79 n1 p156-169 Jan-Feb 2008
The present study used Canadian National Longitudinal data to examine a model of the mechanisms through which the effects of neighborhood socioeconomic conditions impact young children's verbal and behavioral outcomes (N = 3,528; M age = 5.05 years, SD= 0.86). Integrating elements of social disorganization theory and family stress models, and results from structural equation models suggest that both neighborhood and family mechanisms played an important role in the transmission of neighborhood socioeconomic effects. Neighborhood disadvantage manifested its effect via lower neighborhood cohesion, which was associated with maternal depression and family dysfunction. These processes were, in turn, related to less consistent, less stimulating, and more punitive parenting behaviors, and ultimately, poorer child outcomes.
Descriptors: Neighborhoods, Structural Equation Models, Disadvantaged, Young Children, Family Environment, Data Analysis, Depression (Psychology), Socioeconomic Influences, Community Characteristics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A