ERIC Number: EJ784700
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Child-Directed Speech: Relation to Socioeconomic Status, Knowledge of Child Development and Child Vocabulary Skill
Rowe, Meredith L.
Journal of Child Language, v35 n1 p185-205 Feb 2008
This study sought to determine why American parents from different socioeconomic backgrounds communicate in different ways with their children. Forty-seven parent-child dyads were videotaped engaging in naturalistic interactions in the home for ninety minutes at child age 2 ; 6. Transcripts of these interactions provided measures of child-directed speech. Children's vocabulary comprehension skills were measured using the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test at 2 ; 6 and one year later at 3 ; 6. Results indicate that: (1) child-directed speech with toddlers aged 2 ; 6 predicts child vocabulary skill one year later, controlling for earlier toddler vocabulary skill; (2) child-directed speech relates to socioeconomic status as measured by income and education; and (3) the relation between socioeconomic status and child-directed speech is mediated by parental knowledge of child development. Potential mechanisms through which parental knowledge influences communicative behavior are discussed.
Descriptors: Comprehension, Socioeconomic Status, Speech, Vocabulary Skills, Child Development, Language Acquisition, Videotape Recordings, Parent Child Relationship, Income, Educational Attainment, Communication (Thought Transfer)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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