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ERIC Number: EJ784698
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Feb
Pages: 26
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0305-0009
Conveying Information about Adjective Meanings in Spoken Discourse
Corrigan, Roberta
Journal of Child Language, v35 n1 p159-184 Feb 2008
This study examined information about adjective meanings available in adults' spoken discourse in the original 27 CHILDES corpora of typically developing English-speaking children. In order to increase the probability that adjectives would be novel to children to whom they were addressed, only "rare" adjectives were examined (those that occurred [less than or equal to]5 times in the corpus, N=878). Contexts surrounding adjectives ([plus or minus]3 utterances on either side of the target) were scored for linguistic clues to meaning, including related language, compare/contrast and evaluative information. Linguistic contexts contained more information in adult-child conversations than in adult-adult conversations. There were differences among information categories. For example, explicit definitions were relatively rare compared to other types of information and were far less frequent than reported in structured laboratory situations. Findings highlight the importance of looking at adult input in situations where teaching word meaning is not an explicit goal.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A