ERIC Number: EJ784407
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Reference Count: 28
Rural-Urban Differences in Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, and Overweight Prevalence of Children
Joens-Matre, Roxane R.; Welk, Gregory J.; Calabro, Miguel A.; Russell, Daniel W.; Nicklay, Elizabeth; Hensley, Larry D.
Journal of Rural Health, v24 n1 p49-54 Win 2008
Context: The increasing prevalence of overweight in youth has been well chronicled, but less is known about the unique patterns and risks that may exist in rural and urban environments. A better understanding of possible rural-urban differences in physical activity profiles may facilitate the development of more targeted physical activity interventions. Methods: Participants (1,687 boys; 1,729 girls) were recruited from fourth, fifth, and sixth grade classes in schools from urban areas, small cities, and rural areas. Multilevel modeling analysis was used to examine rural-urban differences in physical activity and prevalence of overweight. Physical activity was assessed by self-report and body mass index was calculated from measured height and weight. Findings: Prevalence of overweight was higher among rural children (25%; P less than 0.001) than children from urban areas (19%) and small cities (17%). Urban children were the least active overall (Cohens' d = -0.4), particularly around lunchtime while at school (d = -0.9 to -1.1). Children from small cities reported the highest levels of physical activity. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest there are rural-urban differences in children's prevalence of overweight and physical activity even within a fairly homogenous Midwestern state.
Descriptors: Obesity, Body Composition, Physical Activities, Incidence, Physical Activity Level, Physical Fitness, Rural Urban Differences, Scientific Concepts, Urban Areas, Rural Areas, Grade 4, Grade 5, Grade 6, Body Height, Body Weight
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 4; Grade 5; Grade 6
Authoring Institution: N/A