ERIC Number: EJ784403
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Reference Count: 29
Enhancing the Care Continuum in Rural Areas: Survey of Community Health Center-Rural Hospital Collaborations
Samuels, Michael E.; Xirasagar, Sudha; Elder, Keith T.; Probst, Janice C.
Journal of Rural Health, v24 n1 p24-31 Win 2008
Context: Community Health Centers (CHCs) and Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs) play a significant role in providing health services for rural residents across the United States. Purpose: The overall goal of this study was to identify the CAHs that have collaborations with CHCs, as well as to recognize the content of the collaborations and the barriers and facilitators to collaborations. Methods: The target population was CAHs within 60 miles of CHCs. Surveys were mailed to 386 chief executive officers of CAHs in 41 states who met the study criteria. The response rate was 40.9%. A descriptive analysis using chi-square tests compared the status of partnerships along with factors identified as barriers and facilitators to collaboration. Findings: Out of the 161 CAH respondents, 24 (14.9%) reported having a collaborative agreement with a CHC, and 2 indicated that they planned to develop a collaborative agreement. A common reason given for not collaborating was lack of awareness of a CHC within the service area. Other barriers identified were competition with CHCs and organizational differences. External funding to start a collaborating service was the most frequently cited factor to facilitate collaborations. Conclusions: The findings indicate that collaborations between CAHs and CHCs are a largely untapped resource. The rural health care services continuum may benefit from increased collaborations.
Descriptors: Community Health Services, Health Promotion, Hospitals, Rural Areas, Institutional Cooperation, Access to Health Care, Health Facilities, National Surveys
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A